MOMENT PROBLEMS IN WEIGHTED \(L^2\) SPACES ON THE REAL LINE

Elias Zikkos     (Khalifa University, PO. Box 127788 Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates)

Abstract


For a class of sets with multiple terms
$$ \{\lambda_n,\mu_n\}_{n=1}^{\infty}:=\{\underbrace{\lambda_1,\lambda_1,\dots,\lambda_1}_{\mu_1 - times},
\underbrace{\lambda_2,\lambda_2,\dots,\lambda_2}_{\mu_2 - times},\dots,
\underbrace{\lambda_k,\lambda_k,\dots,\lambda_k}_{\mu_k - times},\dots\},$$having density \(d\) counting multiplicities, and a doubly-indexed sequence of non-zero complex numbers\linebr eak \(\{d_{n,k}:\, n\in\mathbb{N},\, k=0,1,\dots ,\mu_n-1\} \) satisfying certain growth conditions, we consider a moment problem of the form $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{-2w(t)}t^k e^{\lambda_n t}f(t)\, dt=d_{n,k},\quad \forall\,\, n\in\mathbb{N}\quad \text{and}\quad k=0,1,2,\dots, \mu_n-1,$$ in weighted \(L^2 (-\infty, \infty)\) spaces. We obtain a solution \(f\) which extends analytically as an entire function, admitting a Taylor–Dirichlet series representation $$ f(z)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\Big(\sum_{k=0}^{\mu_n-1}c_{n,k} z^k\Big) e^{\lambda_n z},\quad c_{n,k}\in \mathbb{C},\quad\forall\,\, z\in \mathbb{C}. $$ The proof depends on our previous work where we characterized the closed span of the exponential system \(\{t^k e^{\lambda_n t}:\, n\in\mathbb{N},\,\, k=0,1,2,\dots,\mu_n-1\}\) in weighted \(L^2 (-\infty, \infty)\) spaces, and also derived a sharp upper bound for the norm of elements of a biorthogonal sequence to the exponential system. The proof also utilizes notions from Non-Harmonic Fourier series such as Bessel and Riesz–Fischer sequences. 


Keywords


Moment problems, Exponential systems, Biorthogonal families, Weighted Banach spaces, Bessel and Riesz–Fischer sequences

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15826/umj.2020.1.014

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